The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway traversing the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean and Red Seas. This canal separates Africa from Asia and is the quickest maritime route between Europe and the Indian and western Pacific oceans. It ranks among the world’s busiest shipping lanes and represents a significant revenue source for the Egyptian government.
The Suez Canal’s strategic location makes it a vital international navigation canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea at Port Said and the Red Sea at Suez. Its importance has grown with the evolution of maritime transport and world trade, with over 80% of global trade volume conducted through waterways.